IELTS is a popular language test where its certificate is recognised as evidence of proficiency in English by more than 10,000 education and training providers worldwide. IELTS is designed to assess abilities in listening, reading, writing and speaking. There are two types of IELTS exam, i.e. IELTS Academic test and IELTS General test where the former is used to test suitability for entry to study at undergraduate or postgraduate levels and the latter is for those wishing to study below graduate level or intending to migrate to Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the UK.
Given that IELTS Academic test is more preferred, let us look at the IELTS Exam pattern for Academic tests which consist of the Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking sections with a total test time of 2 hours and 45 minutes.
Listening test: The IELTS listening test is for 30 mins where they have four sections with ten questions each. The questions will be on everyday social contexts, the conversation between two speakers, and a monologue. Here, a variety of question types are used, ranging from multiple choice, matching, diagram labelling, flow-chart/summary, sentence completion, etc. You should mark that poor spelling and grammar are penalised.
Reading test: This section consists of 40 questions and is set for 60 minutes. The text for this is taken from books, journals, magazines and newspapers. The passages are presented in a variety of styles such as narrative, descriptive or argumentative. Multiple types, identifying information, short answer questions are few of the many question variance used.
Writing test: Topics being picked from general interests; this section has two writing tasks which is to be completed under 60 minutes. The first test is describing visual information while the latter is responding to a view of placing arguments.
Speaking test: Designed to assess spoken English, this test comes in three parts where the test consists of an oral interview between the test takers’ and an examiner. The time for this is 11-14 minutes.
If you are looking at IELTS Syllabus, there are a certain set of documents available from the British Council and also few that are being cumulated by IELTS Coaching centres. You can start with IELTS Preparation and practise, and also get in touch with The Chopras for IELTS coaching.