Adults as a trend start out with a full set of 32 teeth. They include molars, premolars, canines and incisors.
But by the age of 45-65, they are missing at least one tooth in most cases. The most common causes leading to teeth loss include peridontitis or gum disease, injury or tooth decay. Wisdom teeth removal is a common dental procedure, and is conducted wherein the extra set of molars damage other teeth, lead to problems with bite or pain in the mouth.
Periodontal disorders occur within the ligament and tissues of gums. Gums have a functionality of anchoring teeth, safeguarding roots and accentuating growth of jaw bone around the tooth.
Similarly, tooth decay is caused in the event wherein sugar and starch present in the mouth turn into acid as resulting from action of bacteria. This may lead to formation of cavities and further tooth loss.
Sports injuries or related accidents too may cause loss of teeth, or trauma within jaw bone or gums. There are cases wherein the trauma prevails only a few months or years following the injury. It may lead to some damage over the tooth, and may further result in tooth loss.
In very rare cases, people may be afflicted by anodontia, a condition wherein all primary or permanent teeth are absent.
Role of each tooth has a significant bit of importance. A few of their prime functionalities include helping with chewing and grinding the food, bringing clarity to speech and helping form the structure of the jaw with help of other teeth.
If a tooth is missing, the bite pressure is then transferred on to neighbouring teeth. This over time results in the neighbouring teeth attempting to cover up the space where the missing tooth once used to be.
Another disadvantage of missing teeth is that plaque builds up in places which are more difficult to clean. Hence loss of one tooth affects the health of all teeth and may lead to gum infections. It must be addressed accordingly in a timely manner.
A potential problem that may arise with a missing tooth is that when it is not replaced in a timely manner, the bone that surrounds it begins to deteriorate.
Lost teeth may cause issues with self esteem, particularly if the site where the missing tooth used to be is visible.
A number of options are nowadays available for replacing missing teeth. They include implants, removable partial dentures, full dentures and fixed bridges.
A consultation with a dentist can guide a patient towards choosing an option which is most feasible for his unique circumstances, in order to replace the missing teeth.
Let us take a short overview for some of the most commonly used options for replacing missing teeth.
Implants come across as one of the popular ways used to replace missing teeth. They make secure foundation over which teeth may be loaded. These may be removable or permanent teeth that are artificial. They may be used to replace either a single or multiple tooth.
The advantages of Dental Implants are:
- One of the prime advantages of dental implants is that the bite function is enhanced. Biting pressure of dentures is significantly lesser than natural teeth. But that of dentures powered by implants is as powerful as original teeth.
- Another advantage of implants is that they look pretty much similar to original teeth. They restore aesthetics and functionality alike.For creating an implant, it is in the missing tooth’s bone socket that a titanium screw is placed. When jaw bone grows back, it holds the post firmly.
- Implants form a more or less a permanent solution for missing teeth. They are a part of the jaw and prevent neighbouring teeth from shifting.
Similarly, fixed bridges can be used to replace a number of missing teeth. It is the teeth surrounding the gap which support the bridge. Bridges can also be supported using implants. Teeth sometimes need to be grinded down in order to ease supporting the bridge.
Full dentures include an entire set of upper and lower teeth. They are placed several weeks after the teeth are removed.
Removable partial dentures replace a certain number of adjacent teeth and not an entire set of teeth. They are attached to a plastic base, which supported by existing teeth and gums. They can be taken out for cleaning.
Cosmetic dentures are exceedingly high on aesthetics. They are formed using a special acrylic base that prevents shrinkage.
Teeth replacement cost in India depends upon the procedure which is undertaken, and also the dentist who performs the procedure.