Communication with animals has always had a calming effect on the human psyche. Only a thorough study of the issue by scientists has shown that even images of living beings in combination with the right technique can become a powerful tool necessary for recovery. Pet therapy, known to mankind for more than a thousand years is still used today. The research and practice of a psychiatrist from Canada, using in therapy contact with a dog, showed that contact with the animal helps to set the contact with the patient, as well as to accelerate and improve the efficiency of the treatment process. Bolis Levinson also proved that hippo therapy, in which a horse is used, is an effective method for improving the mood and behavior of objects (especially children) suffering from cerebral palsy. In general, therapy which involves animals helps to develop the communication field, and its use is considered appropriate even in the treatment of children who suffer from schizophrenia or autism. It is important to note that the methods used by F. Wilkinson and A. Kutcher confirmed that treatment sessions with animals also help patients with behavioral disorders and hyperactive children. The result of treatment is a decrease in the degree of excitability and aggression, calmness, interest in pursuing a therapist, studying, improving the ability to control one’s behavior.
Dolphin therapy – the direction of animal therapy
One of the directions of animal therapy, which has proved its effectiveness and promise, is a dolphin therapy. Activity, curiosity and extraordinary mind of these animals have long been known. On the basis of the constant interest of dolphins in humans, the scientists suggested that communication between them could also have a curative effect. The practice in which the communication link is used for therapeutic purposes becomes a confirmation.
It is important to note that the ways of communicating with the dolphin for treatment have received worldwide recognition as a nonspecific method of activating vital forces, regardless of age. Contact with such an animal really heals from diseases. The most impressive are the sessions developed for the treatment of autism, Down’s syndrome, hearing, speech, memory disorders. Increasing attention to dolphin therapy today is due to the possibility of obtaining an analgesic effect, treating depression, changing the status of autistic children.
Dolphins are unique animals, characterized by the ability to imitate behavior without training and mutual stimulation. Being in natural conditions, they imitate the actions of members of the herd (community), stimulating each other to communicate. Natural features, including contact and curiosity, also make it possible not to experience discomfort when dealing with other animals and people. Lack of fear and curiosity is a good reason for contact.
The psyche of dolphins has been fascinating scientists for a long time. The results of the research have led to the conclusion that the cognitive abilities of bottlenose dolphins are as close as possible to the level of development of higher forms. Animals quickly learn, show curiosity and have the highest level of socialization. Numerous variations of sounds present during communication allow one to speak of a peculiar language. Continuous pulses, generated during this time, affect a wide range of frequencies, capable of varying up to 300 kilohertz. This allows us to talk about the presence in the “language” of infra- and ultrasound components, the influence of which is used in the treatment and has the subject of research by physiologists.
It is known that bottlenose dolphins possess a high level of intelligence and developed abilities to cognize the environment. Confirmation of this is the level of development of the cortex of their brain, the duration of growing up, parental care, as well as social life. At the same time, flexibility in behavior, revealed in the course of research, allows individuals not only to interact with each other, but also to compete. Observation of the dolphins showed that the cognitive skills inherent in them make it possible to use bottlenose dolphins as doctors to cure many ailments associated with the development.
In the treatment courses presented, there are two directions:
• Arbitrary interaction, characterized by a negligible participation of the trainer and the doctor. The technique is based on enabling the patient and the animal to independently construct a scheme of actions within the framework of the permissible. Here, the presence of a doctor is necessary only to ensure safety. Communication according to a predefined scheme. The contact occurs through a specialist and is of psychological significance. The technique makes it possible to use the presence of an animal to create the necessary atmosphere. The type and nature of dolphin therapy, at the same time, is subjected to the task.
• The second way of interaction makes it possible to receive excellent psychotherapeutic, preventive, corrective, physiotherapeutic and pedagogical results. The choice of the scheme of influence depends on the needs of the patient. It should be noted that this method is prescribed for both individual treatment and group treatment (it is considered appropriate for sessions involving all members of the baby’s family).
Key points of therapy
Application of treatment of this type has two main aspects: physiological and psychological.
Physiological variant. The first type includes: relaxation, ultrasound, reflexology, and hydro-massage. The result, shown by the child’s encephalogram, after communication, is a decrease in the oscillation of the alpha rhythm, the presence of synchronization of cerebral hemispheres activity.
The information obtained at the entrance to the survey shows that after contact with the animal, the human brain generates more endorphins responsible for the state of immunity. Increasing of the hormone improves memory, learning new information, sleep. The obtained indicators indicate the activation of abstract thinking. In addition, increased production of endorphins helps to reduce pain, and acts as a sedative.
Features of ultrasound generated by dolphins
For more than 50 years, the possibilities of ultrasound have been widely used in physiotherapy. Exposure to waves allows you to achieve: massage at the cell level and improve the permeability of its membrane. All this makes it possible to improve the effectiveness of the medicines used in the treatment. By means of waves, it is possible to disperse liquid in problem areas and ensure good drainage of tissues.
Another healing property obtained during dolphin therapy sessions is cavitation, which causes friction, which contributes to the removal of gases from the body cells. In the process of exposure to the dolphin sonar, micro cavities (bubbles) formed in the biological fluid move into the area with a higher pressure. After the end of the movement, the elements collapse and create a shock wave that eliminates the accumulation of gases. This effect allows more intensive release of biological substances and endorphins from the cells. The results of cavitation are:
• Decrease of the charge of the membrane of each cell;
• Replacement of aggregation qualities of erythrocytes;
• More active thrombolysis;
• Improvement of blood clotting.
As a result, an analgesic effect is observed, especially in patients with spine diseases. In the experiments conducted by scientists, it was revealed that 70% of the sounds recorded during the study of the dolphin have a frequency of up to 16 Hz. The data obtained after the sessions showed an increase in the frequency components of the human EEG, which reached 16 Hz.
Ultrasonic vibrations emitted by an animal create the effect of micro vibration and have a selective effect on the biological structures of a living organism. In this case, the movement is carried out from the capillaries into the lymphatic and other capillaries. In the process, there is an improvement in the state of cells and a more intensive withdrawal of metabolic products.
Hydro massage of the patient’s organs
Another method used in dolphin therapy is the hydro massage of the patient’s organs. The therapeutic effect, in this case, is possible due to the movement of the dolphin, which provokes the formation of small turbulence zones in the water. Such areas contain multidirectional flows that are modulated by the movement of the fins. In parallel with the hydro massage, there is also a reflex therapeutic effect. When the dolphin rostrum touches the skin of a person, the nerve endings are stimulated. In the process, there appear impulses that are transmitted by the nervous system further to the diseased organ, activating the resources for self-healing.
Treatment with water
In addition to the unique natural properties of the animal, the patient is treated with water. It is this environment that allows to relieve the load from the joints and provides the conditions for training muscles and tendons.
Dolphin therapy can be very useful and effective. Numerous researches shown that it can heal mental diseases and improve the condition of sick people. In addition, such a therapy is very pleasant, interesting and fun. It is important to follow all the recommendations, in order to make the this type of therapy as effective as it is possible. Who knows, maybe in the future pet therapy will become one of the main methods of treatment.
About the author: If you would like to read more posts written by Melisa Marzett, then you are welcome to visit http://essaycorrector.org and read some more posts, written by this talented writer.